In Duncanville ISD, students who continue to struggle to read, despite appropriate or intensified instruction, are provided organized systems of reading support. Some students struggle during early reading acquisition. Others do not struggle until the later grades, when they face more complex language demands (e.g. reading textbooks). Some may be non-English speakers who struggle to read in their native languages and/or English language learners (ELLs) who struggle to read despite having appropriately developed oral English language. For many struggling readers, including students in all grades, non-English speakers, and ELLs, the difficulty with reading may be a result of dyslexia.
In Texas the identification and instruction of students with dyslexia and related disorders are mandated and structured by two statutes and one rule. Texas Education Code (TEC) Section 38.003 (1) defines dyslexia and related disorders, (2) mandates testing students for dyslexia and providing instruction for students with dyslexia, and (3) gives the SBOE authority to adopt rules and standards for administering testing and instruction. Chapter 19 of the Texas Administrative Code (TC) Section 74.28 outlines the responsibilities of districts and charter schools in the delivery of services to students with dyslexia. Finally, The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504 as amended in 2008 (Section 504) establishes assessment and evaluation standards and procedures for students.